Polyamine signal through gap junctions: A key regulator of proliferation and gap-junction organization in mammalian tissues?

Abstract : We propose that interaction rules derived from polyamine exchange in connected cells may explain the spatio-temporal organization of gap junctions observed during tissue regeneration and tumorigenesis. We also hypothesize that polyamine exchange can be considered as signal that allows cells to sense the proliferation status of their neighbors. Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are indeed small aliphatic polycations that serve as fuels to sustain elevated proliferation rates of the order observed in cancer cells. Based on recent reports, we consider here that polyamines can be exchanged through gap junction channels between mammalian cells. Such intercellular exchange of polyamines has critical consequences on the local control of growth. In line with this hypothesis, the complex protein network that keeps polyamine levels finely tuned in mammalian cells can translate polyamine efflux or influx into integrated signals controlling transcription, translation, and cell communications.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 5, 2019 - 10:44:17 AM
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Loic Hamon, Philippe Savarin, David Pastre. Polyamine signal through gap junctions: A key regulator of proliferation and gap-junction organization in mammalian tissues?. BioEssays, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016, 38 (6), pp.498-507. ⟨10.1002/bies.201500195⟩. ⟨hal-02174559⟩

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