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article (B-2) Prémisses fondamentales pour toute SHS

Abstract : This article is based on the 2 articles "(A-1) Argumentation for multiple reasons about a thing" (any reason about a thing is based on premises deriving from what is perceived as necessities of the nature of the thing and his nature, and premises driven ultimately by feelings1) and "(B-1) Critical and interpretative approach". The main assumption of this article is that everyone, human but also a human institution, is based, in order to live, on "for", or "against", or " unconcerned" with regard to statements. These statements are part of the premises that ensure the consistency and comprehensiveness, which is always imperfect, of everyone's reasoning about something (see article (A-1)). The purpose of this article is twofold: (A-) to draw up a framework, a frame of reference of which we propose the following components: (1-) Conatus (or effort to persist in one's being), (2-) feelings, (3-) recognition and membership, (4-) reason and decision, (5-) provision of goods and services, (6-) political&social. (B-) propose a few fundamental declarative or performative statements on each component that can be understood by everyone, researchers and humans concerned by their research, statements that are sometimes antagonistic. These statements are deduced from empirical studies (see article (B-1)). It should be noted that for the researcher-observer "all reasons are valid", at least a priori. This posture has nothing to do with that lent to disenchanted individuals by hypothesis, on the contrary, according to our thesis: everyone is likely to be affectively attached to his reason about something, especially if that thing has to do with a necessity of his nature. On the other hand, the researcher, like the wise man, tries to consider each person's reason with the "spinozist" tools that we propose in the articles (A-2) Taking into account multiple reasons in Spinoza's writings" or (A-3) to make a critical analysis of it. All these fundamental statements are considered, on the one hand, as possible premises on which most humans build their behaviour and therefore, on the other hand, considered as fundamental premises for any research in HSS, with the goal of coherency and comprehensiveness. We consider that this objective of coherency and comprehensiveness is best achieved by mobilising this framework because these premises can be verified quite easily as being understood, if not shared, by the humans in the fields studied.
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https://hal-univ-evry.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02326813
Contributor : andre moulin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 9:31:27 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 4, 2022 - 11:40:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02326813, version 3

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Andre Moulin. article (B-2) Prémisses fondamentales pour toute SHS. 2021. ⟨hal-02326813v3⟩

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