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Journal Articles Atmospheric Research Year : 2016

Potential source identification for aerosol oncentrations over a site in Northwestern India

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S. Payra
  • Function : Author
S. Verma
  • Function : Author
D. Prakash
  • Function : Author
M. Soni
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The collocated measurements of aerosols size distribution (ASD) and aerosol optical thickness (AOT) are analyzed simultaneously using Grimm aerosol spectrometer and MICROTOP II Sunphotometer over Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan in India. The contrast temperature characteristics during winter and summer seasons of year 2011 are investigated in the present study. The total aerosol number concentration (TANC, 0.3–20 μm) during winter season was observed higher than in summer time and it was dominated by fine aerosol number concentration (FANC < 2 μm). Particles smaller than 0.8 μm (at aerodynamic size) constitute ~ 99% of all particles in winter and ~ 90% of particles in summer season. However, particles greater than 2 μm contribute ~ 3% and ~ 0.2% in summer and winter seasons respectively. The aerosols optical thickness shows nearly similar AOT values during summer and winter but corresponding low Angstrom Exponent (AE) values during summer than winter, respectively. In this work, Potential Source Contribution Function (PSCF) analysis is applied to identify locations of sources that influenced concentrations of aerosols over study area in two different seasons. PSCF analysis shows that the dust particles from Thar Desert contribute significantly to the coarse aerosol number concentration (CANC). Higher values of the PSCF in north from Jaipur showed the industrial areas in northern India to be the likely sources of fine particles. The variation in size distribution of aerosols during two seasons is clearly reflected in the log normal size distribution curves. The log normal size distribution curves reveals that the particle size less than 0.8 μm is the key contributor in winter for higher ANC.
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Dates and versions

hal-02398163 , version 1 (04-06-2021)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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S. Payra, P. Kumar, S. Verma, D. Prakash, M. Soni. Potential source identification for aerosol oncentrations over a site in Northwestern India. Atmospheric Research, 2016, 169, pp.65-72. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosres.2015.09.022⟩. ⟨hal-02398163⟩
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