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ITSN1 regulates SAM68 solubility through SH3 domain interactions with SAM68 proline-rich motifs

Abstract : SAM68 is an mRNA-binding protein involved in mRNA processing in the nucleus that forms membraneless compartments called SAM68 Nuclear Bodies (SNBs). We found that intersectin 1 (ITSN1), a multidomain scaffold protein harboring five soluble SH3 domains, interacts with SAM68 proline-rich motifs (PRMs) surrounded by self-adhesive low complexity domains. While SAM68 is poorly soluble in vitro, the interaction of ITSN1 SH3 domains and mRNA with SAM68 enhances its solubility. In HeLa cells, the interaction between the first ITSN1 SH3 domain (SH3A) and P0, the N-terminal PRM of SAM68, induces the dissociation of SNBs. In addition, we reveal the ability of another SH3 domain (SH3D) of ITSN1 to bind to mRNAs. ITSN1 and mRNA may thus act in concert to promote SAM68 solubilization, consistent with the absence of mRNA in SNBs in cells. Together, these results support the notion of a specific chaperoning of PRM-rich SAM68 within nuclear ribonucleoprotein complexes by ITSN1 that may regulate the processing of a fraction of nuclear mRNAs, notably SAM68-controlled splicing events related to higher neuronal functions or cancer progression. This observation may also serve as a putative model of the interaction between other PRM-rich RBPs and signaling proteins harboring SH3 domains.
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Contributor : Olek Maciejak Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 9:05:47 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 9:17:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, February 19, 2021 - 6:02:29 PM


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S. Pankivskyi, D. Pastré, E. Steiner, V. Joshi, A. Rynditch, et al.. ITSN1 regulates SAM68 solubility through SH3 domain interactions with SAM68 proline-rich motifs. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2021, 78 (1745-1763), ⟨10.1007/s00018-020-03610-y⟩. ⟨hal-02968869⟩



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