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article (C-1-1) Genèse et caractéristiques du capitalisme

Abstract : By mobilising Marx's writings on "primitive" (or "initial") accumulation as well as the writings of R. Luxemburg, H. Arendt, and feminist historians and philosophers such as Silvia Federici, Tithi Bhattacharya, etc.... on the same subject, we show that the confiscatory processes of capitalism initiated during primitive accumulation are continuously at work in contemporary capitalism. These processes can be described in three circuits which form the basis of contemporary capitalism: (1) the circuit of production of goods and services generating added value, (2) the circuit of production and reproduction of labour-power, (3) the circuit of production and reproduction of the means of production. The 2.nd and 3.nd circuits deal with the production and reproduction of the means of production, whether human and societal (means of production of labour-power) or material ( buildings, engines). The "good" operation of the main circuit, the one generating the added value, is linked to the similar confiscatory processes of these two circuits relating to all the means of production. Marx really only studied the first circuit, that of the creation of added value. He mentions but did not study the second. He summarises the third in the diversion of his analyses of the first circuit by writing on many occasions that it is only the capitalist who advances part of his fortune to buy machines, pay raw materials and wages. This article refers to Marx's work on the first circuit. It recalls the work of the cited feminist philosophers in regard to the second circuit. He emphasises above all the third circuit (circuit of production and reproduction of the means of production), the circuit of accumulation: he shows the continuum between primitive accumulation and contemporary accumulation based on the monopoly of acquisition by the capitalist. It shows that it is less an accumulation (of a part of the added value) than a continuous appropriation. Finally, it highlights the similarity of the confiscatory processes of the means of production of labour-power and machines, processes based on the invisibility and mystification of women on the one hand and of the company on the other.
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Contributor : Andre Moulin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, December 19, 2021 - 9:26:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:34:35 AM


article (C-1-1) Genèse et ca...
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Andre Moulin. article (C-1-1) Genèse et caractéristiques du capitalisme. 2021. ⟨hal-03494632⟩



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