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article (C-1-e) Absence d'analyse marxiste des causes de la puissance du capitaliste

Abstract : On the occasion of the publication of the book "The Choice of Civil War, Another History of Neoliberalism", this article first offers a brief history of Marxist discourses on Capitalism: starting from Marx's first speeches, it mentions the Marxist speeches extending his analyses of value, surplus value, its extraction and hoarding. He then points out the tendency of current Marxists to consider "neoliberalism" (current capitalism) only through the prism of the state and the political sphere in general: like the work cited, the manifesto of the dismayed economists shows the same tendency by focusing only on finance vs. the state (and Europe), and more militant works such as that of B. Friot ("vaincre Macron") or ATTAC ("l'imposture Macron") illustrate this same tendency. To sum up, Marxist discourses describe and denounce what the power of the capitalist allows (the subjugation of populations and the state in order to "make money") but neither describe nor denounce the laws and procedures that ensure this power. Of course, the subjugation of the population and the state to "make money" reinforces and increases this power, but sufficient power is a prerequisite for these subjugations. By considering only the perspective of the capitalist to "make money", the chapter "Genesis and perpetuation of capitalism" tells a past and present story to show that the state and its organisations are only instruments in the hand of the power of Capital, whether this state is right or left. It also shows that the exploitation of workers and the monopolisation of surplus value is only part of the monopolisation: the main monopolisation is the exclusive monopolisation of the means of production, and it is this exclusive monopolisation which founds the power of the capitalist over the political as well as over those who only have their labour power. The chapter "Exit from capitalism" tells a possible future history, a "resolutely left" history since it breaks the capitalist's exclusivity to possess the means of production, a legal exclusivity which founds his power. Both stories are based on what we consider to be THE main characteristic of capitalism: the processes of appropriation of the means of production "for profit" by the shareholders alone, processes which make them the exclusive owners of these means whatever their contributions to them. It is therefore not the ownership of the means of production that is called into question but the exclusivity of this ownership. This article includes an analysis of the manifesto of the dismayed economists and the common theses mobilised in many articles of our research notebook, including this one.
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https://hal-univ-evry.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03494638
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 19, 2021 - 9:36:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:34:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, March 20, 2022 - 6:47:36 PM

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Andre Moulin. article (C-1-e) Absence d'analyse marxiste des causes de la puissance du capitaliste. 2021. ⟨hal-03494638⟩

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