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Description et classification des masses mammaires pour le diagnostic du cancer du sein

Abstract : The computer-aided diagnosis of breast cancer is becoming increasingly a necessity given the exponential growth of performed mammograms. In particular, the breast mass diagnosis and classification arouse nowadays a great interest. Indeed, the complexity of processed forms and the difficulty to distinguish between them require the use of appropriate descriptors. In this work, characterization methods suitable for breast pathologies are proposed and the study of different classification methods is addressed. In order to analyze the mass shapes, a study about the different segmentation techniques in the context of breast mass detection is achieved. This study allows to adopt the level set model based on minimization of region-scalable fitting energy. Once the images are segmented, a study of various descriptors proposed inthe literature is conducted. Nevertheless, these proposals have some limitations such as sensitivity to noise, non invariance to geometric transformations and imprecise and general description of lesions. In this context, we propose a novel descriptor entitled the Skeleton End Points descriptor (SEP) in order to better characterize spiculations in mass contour while respecting the scale invariance. A second descriptor named the Protuberance Selection (PS) is proposed. It ensures also the same invariance criterion and the accurate description of the contour roughness. However, SEP and PS proposals are sensitive to noise. A third proposal entitled Spiculated Mass Descriptor (SMD) which has good robustness to noise is then carried out. In order to compare different descriptors, a comparative study between different classifiers is performed. The Support Vector Machine (SVM) provides for all considered descriptors the best classification result. Finally, the proposed descriptors and others commonly used in the breast cancer field are compared to test their ability to characterize the considered mass contours.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 23, 2013 - 1:26:27 PM
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Imen Cheikhrouhou. Description et classification des masses mammaires pour le diagnostic du cancer du sein. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université d'Evry-Val d'Essonne, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00875976⟩

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